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GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION ACQUISITION MANUAL (GSAM)


Part 538—Federal Supply Schedule Contracting

Subpart 538.2—Establishing and Administering Federal Supply Schedules

538.270  Evaluation of multiple award schedule (MAS) offers.

(a) The Government will seek to obtain the offeror’s best price (the best price given to the most favored customer). However, the Government recognizes that the terms and conditions of commercial sales vary and there may be legitimate reasons why the best price is not achieved.

(b) Establish negotiation objectives based on a review of relevant data and determine price reasonableness.

(c) When establishing negotiation objectives and determining price reasonableness, compare the terms and conditions of the MAS solicitation with the terms and conditions of agreements with the offeror’s commercial customers. When determining the Government’s price negotiation objectives, consider the following factors:

(1) Aggregate volume of anticipated purchases.

(2) The purchase of a minimum quantity or a pattern of historic purchases.

(3) Prices taking into consideration any combination of discounts and concessions offered to commercial customers.

(4) Length of the contract period.

(5) Warranties, training, and/or maintenance included in the purchase price or provided at additional cost to the product prices.

(6) Ordering and delivery practices.

(7) Any other relevant information, including differences between the MAS solicitation and commercial terms and conditions that may warrant differentials between the offer and the discounts offered to the most favored commercial customer(s). For example, an offeror may incur more expense selling to the Government than to the customer who receives the offeror’s best price, or the customer (e.g., dealer, distributor, original equipment manufacturer, other reseller) who receives the best price may perform certain value-added functions for the offeror that the Government does not perform. In such cases, some reduction in the discount given to the Government may be appropriate. If the best price is not offered to the Government, you should ask the offeror to identify and explain the reason for any differences. Do not require offerors to provide detailed cost breakdowns.

(d) You may award a contract containing pricing which is less favorable than the best price the offeror extends to any commercial customer for similar purchases if you make a determination that both of the following conditions exist:

(1) The prices offered to the Government are fair and reasonable, even though comparable discounts were not negotiated.

(2) Award is otherwise in the best interest of the Government.

538.271  MAS contract awards.

(a) MAS awards will be for commercial items as defined in FAR 2.101. Negotiate contracts as a discount from established catalog prices.

(b) Before awarding any MAS contract, determine that the offered prices are fair and reasonable (see FAR Subpart 15.4 and 538.270). Document the negotiation and your determination using FAR 15.406-3 as guidance.

(c) State clearly in the award document the price/discount relationship between the Government and the identified commercial customer (or category of customers) on which the award is predicated.

538.272  MAS price reductions.

(a) Section 552.238-75, Price Reductions, requires the contractor to maintain during the contract period the negotiated price/discount relationship (and/or term and condition relationship) between the eligible ordering activities and the offeror’s customer or category of customers on which the contract award was predicated (see 538.271(c)). If a change occurs in the contractor’s commercial pricing or discount arrangement applicable to the identified commercial customer (or category of customers) that results in a less advantageous relationship between the eligible ordering activities and this customer or category of customers, the change constitutes a “price reduction.”

(b) Make sure that the contractor understands the requirements of section 552.238-75 and agrees to report to you all price reductions as provided for in the clause.

538.273  Contract clauses.

(a) Multiple award schedules. Insert in solicitations and contracts:

(1) 552.238-70, Identification of Electronic Office Equipment Providing Accessibility for the Handicapped, if you include electronic office equipment items.

(2) 552.238-71, Submission and Distribution of Authorized FSS Schedule Pricelists. In solicitations and contracts for FSS Schedule 70 and the Consolidated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing information technology Special Item Numbers, use Alternate I. If GSA is not prepared to accept electronic submissions for a particular schedule delete:

(i) Subparagraphs (c)(1)(ii) and (c)(3).

(ii) The subparagraph identifier “(i)” in (c)(1) and the word “and” at the end of subparagraph (i).

(3) 552.238-72, Identification of Products that have Environmental Attributes.

(4) 552.238-73, Cancellation.

(b) Multiple and single award schedules. Insert in solicitations and contracts:

(1) 552.238-74, Industrial Funding Fee and Sales Reporting.

(2) 552.238-75, Price Reductions. In solicitations and contracts for FSS Schedule 70 and the Consolidated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing information technology Special Item Numbers, use Alternate I.

Subpart 538.70—Cooperative Purchasing

538.7000  Scope of subpart.

This subpart prescribes policies and procedures that implement statutory provisions authorizing non-federal organizations to use Schedule 70 and Consolidated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing information technology Special Item Numbers (SINs).

538.7001  Definitions.

“Ordering activity” (also called “ordering agency” and “ordering office”) means an eligible ordering activity (see 552.238-78) authorized to place orders under Federal Supply Schedule contracts.

“Schedule 70,” as used in this subpart, means Schedule 70 information technology contracts, and Consolidated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing information technology SINs. The Consolidated Products and Services Schedule is a compilation of multiple individual Federal Supply Schedules; therefore, only the SINs that fall under Schedule 70 of the Consolidated Products and Services Schedule will apply to Cooperative Purchasing. No other Schedules, or SINs, containing information technology outside of Schedule 70 SINs, and Consolidated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing Schedule 70 SINs, will apply.

“State and local government entities,” as used in this subpart, means the states of the United States, counties, municipalities, cities, towns, townships, tribal governments, public authorities (including public or Indian housing agencies under the United States Housing Act of 1937), school districts, colleges and other institutions of higher education, council of governments (incorporated or not), regional or interstate government entities, or any agency or instrumentality of the preceding entities (including any local educational agency or institution of higher education), and including legislative and judicial departments. The term does not include contractors of, or grantees of, State or local governments.

(1) “Local educational agency” has the meaning given that term in section 8013 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713).

(2) “Institution of higher education” has the meaning given that term in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).

(3) “Tribal government” means—

(i) The governing body of any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community located in the continental United States (excluding the State of Alaska) that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians; and

(ii) Any Alaska Native regional or village corporation established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.).

538.7002  General.

(a) 40 U.S.C. 501, (the Act) authorizes the Administrator of General Services to procure and supply personal property and nonpersonal services for the use of Executive agencies. Under 40 U.S.C. 502, the goods and services available to executive agencies are also available to mixed ownership Government corporations, establishments within the legislative or judicial branches of Government (excepting the Senate, House of Representatives, Architect of the Capitol, and any activities under the direction of the Architect of the Capitol), the District of Columbia, and Qualified Non-profit Agencies.

(b) Section 211 of the E-Government Act of 2002 amends 40 U.S.C. 502 to authorize the Administrator of General Services to provide for use of certain Federal Supply Schedules of the GSA by a State or local government, which includes any State, local, regional, or tribal government, or any instrumentality thereof (including any local educational agency or institution of higher education).

(c) State and local governments are authorized to procure only from the information technology Federal Supply Schedule (Schedule 70) contracts and Consolidated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing information technology SINs. A listing of the participating contractors and SINs for the products and services that are available through Schedule 70 and Consolidated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing information technology SINs, is available in GSA’s Schedules e-Library at web site http://fss.gsa.gov/elibrary. Click on Schedules e-Library and then click on the ICON labeled Cooperative Purchasing, State and Local. The contractors and the products and services available for cooperative purchasing will be labeled with the ICON.

538.7003  Policy.

Preparing solicitations when schedules are open to eligible non-federal entities. When opening Schedule 70 and the Consolidated Products and Services Schedule containing information technology SINs, for use by eligible non-federal entities, the contracting officer must make minor modifications to certain Federal Acquisition Regulation and GSAM provisions and clauses in order to make clear distinctions between the rights and responsibilities of the U.S. Government in its management and regulatory capacity pursuant to which it awards schedule contracts and fulfills associated Federal requirements versus the rights and responsibilities of eligible ordering activities placing orders to fulfill agency needs. Accordingly, the contracting officer is authorized to modify the following FAR provisions/clauses to delete “Government” or similar language referring to the U.S. Government and substitute “ordering activity” or similar language when preparing solicitations and contracts to be awarded under Schedule 70 and the Consolidated Products and Services Schedule containing information technology SINs. When such changes are made, the word “(DEVIATION)” shall be added at the end of the title of the provision or clause. These clauses include but are not limited to:

(a) 52.212-4, Contract Terms and Conditions—Commercial Items.

(b) 52.216-18, Ordering.

(c) 52.216-19, Order Limitations.

(d) 52.229-1, State and Local Taxes.

(e) 52.229-3, Federal, State, and Local Taxes.

(f) 52.232-7, Payments Under Time-and-Materials and Labor-Hour Contracts.

(g) 52.232-17, Interest.

(h) 52.232-19, Availability of Funds for the Next Fiscal Year.

(i) 52.232-34, Payment by Electronic Funds Transfer—Other than Central Contractor Registration

(j) 52.232-36, Payment by Third Party.

(k) 52.237-3, Continuity of Services.

(l) 52.246-4, Inspection of Services-Fixed Price.

(m) 52.246-6, Inspection—Time-and-Material and Labor-Hour.

(n) 52.247-34, F.O.B. Destination.

(o) 52.247-38, F.O.B. Inland Carrier Point of Exportation.

538.7004  Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

(a) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 552.238-77, Definition (Federal Supply Schedules), in solicitations and schedule contracts for Schedule 70 and the Consolidated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing information technology SINs.

(b) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 552.238-78, Scope of Contract (Eligible Ordering Activities), in solicitations and contracts for Schedule 70 and the Consol-

idated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing information technology SINs.

 

(c) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 552.238-79, Use of Federal Supply Schedule Contracts by Certain Entities—Cooperative Purchasing, in solicitations and Schedule 70 contracts and the Consolidated Products and Services Schedule contracts containing information technology SINs.

(d) See 552.101-70 for authorized FAR deviations.


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